Tag Archives: online

Q+ Hangout: Troels Frimodt Rønnow

Here are the details of the next Q+ hangout

Date: 28th January 2014

Time: 2pm UTC/GMT

Speaker: Troels Frimodt Rønnow (ETH Zurich)

Title: Quantum annealing on 503 qubits

Abastract: Quantum speedup refers to the advantage of quantum devices can over classical ones in solving classes of computational problems. In this talk we show how to correctly define and measure quantum speedup in experimental devices. We show how to avoid issues that might mask or fake quantum speedup. As illustration we will compare the performance of a D-Wave Two quantum annealing device on random spin glass instances to simulated classical and quantum annealers, and other classical solvers.

To watch the talk live go to http://gplus.to/qplus at the appointed hour.

To keep up to date on the latest news about Q+ hangouts you can follow us on:

or visit our website at http://qplus.burgarth.de

Q+ Hangout: Mark Wilde

Here are the details of the next Q+ hangout.

Date/time: Tue. 26th Nov. 3pm GMT/UTC

Speaker: Mark Wilde (Louisiana State University)

Title: Strong Converse Theorems in Quantum Information Theory

Abstract: One of the main goals in quantum information theory is to establish the capacity of a quantum channel for communicating various kinds of information, whether it be bits or qubits. While several communication capacities of quantum channels are now known, the characterization of capacity in many of these cases is often limited to it being a threshold that determines the rates at which reliable communication is or is not possible. While this characterization might be satisfactory for some purposes, it leaves open the possibility for a trade-off between communication rate and error probability (that is, one might think that it would be possible to send data at a higher rate by allowing for errors to occur some of the time). However, we now know that such a trade-off is not possible for many channels and capacities of interest. That is, many researchers have now established that a strong converse theorem holds for several channels and capacities, so that as soon as the communication rate exceeds capacity, it is guaranteed that the error probability converges to one in the limit of large blocklength, no matter what strategy the sender and receiver employ. These strong converse theorems strengthen the interpretation and our understanding of capacity as a very sharp dividing line between rates for which asymptotically perfect communication is possible and rates for which an error is guaranteed to occur (analogous to a phase transition in statistical physics). This Q+ talk will review much of the progress in establishing strong converse theorems for several channels and their communication capacities in quantum information theory.

Joint work with Bhaskar Roy Bardhan (LSU Baton Rouge), Manish K. Gupta (LSU Baton Rouge), Naresh Sharma (TIFR Mumbai), Dong Yang (UAB Barcelona), and Andreas Winter (UAB Barcelona).

To watch the talk live, go to http://gplus.to/qplus at the appointed hour. To stay up to date on the latest news about Q+ hangouts you can follow us on:

or visit our website http://qplus.burgarth.de

Q+ Hangout: Renato Renner

Here are the details of the next Q+ hangout.

Date/Time: 29th October 2013 2pm GMT

Speaker: Renato Renner (ETH Zurich)

Title: Does freedom of choice imply that the wave function is real?

Abstract:

The question whether the quantum-mechanical wave function is “real” has recently attracted considerable interest. More precisely, the question is whether the wave function of a system is uniquely determined by any complete description of its “physical state”. In this talk I will present a simple and self-contained proof that this is indeed the case, under an assumption that one may term “freedom of choice”. It demands that arbitrary measurements can be applied to the system, and that these can be chosen independently of all parameters available at the time of measurement (with respect to any relativistic frame). A possible interpretation of this result is that the wave function of a system is as “objective or “real as any other complete description of the system’s state.
(This is based on unpublished work in collaboration with Roger Colbeck.)

To watch the talk live go to http://gplus.to/qplus at the appointed hour.

Note that the change from daylight savings time to standard time will have happened in the UK, but not some other countries like the US and Canada. Therefore, your usual timezone calculation may be out by an hour, e.g. the talk is at 10am in East Coast US and Canada. Please check the time conversion for your location.

To keep up to date with the latest news on Q+ hangouts, you can follow us on:

or visit our website http://qplus.burgarth.de

Q+ Hangout: Dietrich Leibfried (NIST)

Here are the details of the next Q+ hangout. This is our “Nobel Prize” lecture. Dietrich is a long time colleague of David Wineland at NIST and will tell us about the latest research from the Ion Storage Group. Please note the unusual start time of 5pm BST(UTC+1)

To join the hangout or watch the livestream go to http://gplus.to/qplus at the appointed hour.

Date: 23rd April 2013 5pm BST(UTC+1)

Speaker: Dietrich Leibfried (NIST)

Title: Towards scalable quantum information processing and quantum simulation with trapped ions

Abstract:
Quantum information processing (QIP) and Quantum Simulation (QS) can potentially provide an exponential speedup for certain problems over the corresponding (known) algorithms on conventional computers. QIP makes use of the counter-intuitive properties of quantum mechanics, like entanglement and the superposition principle (being in more states than one simultaneously). On the way towards a useful QIP device these properties, mostly subject of thought experiments so far, will have to become a practical reality. I will discuss experiments towards Quantum Information Processing (QIP) and Quantum Simulation (QS) with trapped ions. Most requirements for QIP and QS have been demonstrated in this system, with two big challenges remaining: Improving operation fidelity and scaling up to larger numbers of qubits.

The architecture pursued at the Ion Storage Group at NIST is based on quantum information stored in long lived internal (hyperfine) states of the ions. We investigate the use of laser beams and microwave fields to induce both single-qubit rotations and multi-qubit gates mediated by the Coulomb interaction between ions. Moving ions through a multi-zone trap architecture allows for keeping the number of ions per zone small, while sympathetic cooling with a second ion species can remove energy and entropy from the system.

After a brief introduction to these elements, I will present the current status of experiments and some future perspectives for QIP and QS.

This work has been supported by IARPA, DARPA, ARO, ONR, and the NIST Quantum Information Program.

To keep up to date with the latest news and announcements about Q+ hangouts you can follow us on:

or visit our website http://qplus.burgarth.de

Q+ Hangout: Ivette Fuentes

Here are the details of the next Q+ hangout.

Date/time: Tue. 26th March 2pmGMT/UTC

Speaker: Ivette Fuentes (University of Nottingham)

Title: Quantum information processing in spacetime

Abstract:

Cutting-edge experiments in quantum communications are reaching regimes where relativistic effects can no longer be neglected. For example, there are advanced plans to use satellites to implement teleportation and quantum cryptographic protocols. Relativistic effects can be expected at these regimes: the Global Positioning System (GPS), which is a system of satellites that is used for time dissemination and navigation, requires relativistic corrections to determine time and positions accurately.

Therefore, it is timely to understand what are the effects of gravity and motion on entanglement and other quantum properties exploited in quantum information.

In this talk I will show that entanglement can be created or degraded by gravity and non-uniform motion. While relativistic effects can degrade the efficiency of teleportation between moving observers, the effects can also be exploited in quantum information. I will show that the relativistic motion of a quantum system can be used to perform quantum gates. Our results, which will impact future space-based experiments, can be demonstrated in table-top experiments using superconducting circuits.

To watch the talk live go to http://gplus.to/qplus at the appointed hour.

To keep up to date on the latest news about Q+ hangouts, you can follow us on:

or visit our website.

Q+ Hangout: Markus Mueller

Here are the details of the next Q+ hangout.

Date/time: Tuesday 23rd October 2pm BST

Speaker: Markus Mueller (Perimeter Institute)

Title: Three-dimensionality of space and the quantum bit: an information-theoretic approach

Absract: It is sometimes pointed out as a curiosity that the state space of quantum two-level systems, i.e. the qubit, and actual physical space are both three-dimensional and Euclidean. In this talk, I report on joint work with Lluis Masanes, where we attempt an information-theoretic analysis of this relationship, by proving a particular mathematical result: suppose that physics takes place in d spatial dimensions, and that some events happen probabilistically (not assuming quantum theory in any way). Furthermore, suppose there are systems that behave in some sense as “units of direction information”, interacting via some continuous reversible time evolution. We prove that this uniquely determines spatial dimension d=3 and quantum theory on two qubits. Hence, abstractly postulating the “nice” behavior of a Stern-Gerlach device in information-theoretic terms determines already some important aspects of physics as we know it.

This talk is based on http://arxiv.org/abs/1206.0630

To watch the talk live go to http://qplus.to/qplus at the appointed hour.

To keep up to date with Q+ hangouts, follow us on:

Q+ Hangout: Francesco Buscemi

Here are the details for the next Q+ hangout.

Date: 28th August 2012

Time: 2pm British Summer Time

Speaker: Francesco Buscemi (Nagoya University)

Title: All entangled quantum states are nonlocal: equivalence between locality and separability in quantum theory

Abstract:

In this talk I will show how, by slightly modifying the rules of nonlocal games, one can prove that all entangled states violate local realism.

As it is well known, Bell inequalities, which are used to test the violation of local realism, can be equivalently reformulated in terms of nonlocal games (namely, cooperative games with incomplete information) played between one referee and two (or more) players, these latter being separated so to make any form of communication between them impossible during the game. Quantum nonlocality is that property of quantum states that allows players sharing them to win nonlocal games more frequently than the assumption of local realism would imply.

However, as Werner proved in 1989, not all quantum states enable such a violation of local realism. In particular, Werner showed the existence of quantum states that cannot be created locally (the so-called “entangled” states) and, yet, do not allow any violation of local realism in nonlocal games. This fact has been since then considered an unsatisfactory gap in the theory, attracting a considerable amount of attentions in the literature.

In this talk I will present a simple proof of the fact that all entangled states indeed violate local realism. This will be done by considering a new larger class of nonlocal games, which I call “semiquantum,” differing from the old ones merely in that the referee can now communicate with the players through quantum channels, rather than being restricted to use classical ones, as it was tacitly assumed before. I will then prove that one quantum state always provides better payoffs than another quantum state, in semiquantum nonlocal games, if and only if the latter can be obtained from the former, by local operations and shared randomness (LOSR). The main claim will then follow as a corollary.

The new approach not only provides a clear theoretical picture of the relation between locality and separability, but also suggests, thanks to its simplicity, new experimental tests able in principle to verify the violation of local realism in situations where previous experiments would fail.

Based on http://arxiv.org/abs/1106.6095

To view the seminar live, go to http://gplus.to/qplus at the appointed hour.

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