Tag Archives: entanglement

Q+ Hangout: Marco Piani

Here are the details of the next Q+ hangout:

Date: Monday 27th October 2pm GMT/UTC

Spekaer: Marco Piani (University of Strathclyde)

Title: Usefulness of entanglement and steering in the discrimination of physical processes

Abstract: Not all entangled states are created equal: they are all special, but some are more special than others. In particular, this is true in an operational characterization of quantum correlations based on their usefulness in the discrimination of physical processes. We will discuss how every entangled state of a probe-ancilla composite system is useful as a resource for the problem of minimum-error channel discrimination. We will then focus on the subset of entangled states that exhibit steering. The latter is the entanglement-based quantum effect that embodies the “spooky action at a distance” disliked by Einstein and scrutinized by Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen. We prove that, for any fixed steerable state, there are instances of a generalization of the channel discrimination problem, which we dub quantum subchannel discrimination, where such a state allows a correct discrimination with strictly higher probability than in absence of entanglement, even when measurements are restricted to local measurements aided by one-way communication. On the other hand, unsteerable states are useless under such a restriction, even when entangled. We also prove that the above steering advantage can be exactly quantified in terms of the steering robustness, which is a natural measure of the steerability exhibited by the state.
This talk is based on joint work with J. Watrous, arXiv:1406.0530.

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Q+ Hangout: Ivette Fuentes

Here are the details of the next Q+ hangout.

Date/time: Tue. 26th March 2pmGMT/UTC

Speaker: Ivette Fuentes (University of Nottingham)

Title: Quantum information processing in spacetime


Cutting-edge experiments in quantum communications are reaching regimes where relativistic effects can no longer be neglected. For example, there are advanced plans to use satellites to implement teleportation and quantum cryptographic protocols. Relativistic effects can be expected at these regimes: the Global Positioning System (GPS), which is a system of satellites that is used for time dissemination and navigation, requires relativistic corrections to determine time and positions accurately.

Therefore, it is timely to understand what are the effects of gravity and motion on entanglement and other quantum properties exploited in quantum information.

In this talk I will show that entanglement can be created or degraded by gravity and non-uniform motion. While relativistic effects can degrade the efficiency of teleportation between moving observers, the effects can also be exploited in quantum information. I will show that the relativistic motion of a quantum system can be used to perform quantum gates. Our results, which will impact future space-based experiments, can be demonstrated in table-top experiments using superconducting circuits.

To watch the talk live go to http://gplus.to/qplus at the appointed hour.

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